Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Archery and Hunters vs. Vegans

Episode 106: Season 3 ep.25


In The Walls of Freedom adventure, Erika heads out into the woodlands with Master Sergeant Bennet. He is committed to getting her mind and spirit running again. Here to talk with us about archery basics is Blake Alma, host of the Outdoor Experience on the Hunt channel. Blake also shares his views on hunters vs. vegans.

Listen to the Audio Podcast 


Featured Quote:

"She stood solemnly over the elk saying a silent prayer in her head, thanking the animal for its life that it gave for that of her family."

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Archery Lessons from Blake

The bow is a simple device designed to harvest game and it is also an Olympic sport. There are three basic parts to a bow. The stick (or limbs) that bend when the draw string is pulled. The other essential part is an arrow. The arrow can have different types of tips on it. A broad head is a bladed device used for killing and a field tip is a blunter device used for practice. The main components that keeps the arrow flying on a straight path is called the fletchings. These are traditionally made of feathers but now-a-days plastic has fulfilled the role.

There are different types of bows available. A compound bow is a bow that has a series of cams or gears to make it easier to hold back the draw string for long periods of time. The long bow is a traditional bow used heavily by the British. It is the "robin hood" bow. A recurve bow is similar to the long bow except the limbs turn back on themselves at the end to provide more tension when it is pulled. A crossbow is another type of bow. I call it the "cheater" bow because it is shot basically like a rifle. It harbors a lot of draw weight and usually must be pulled with the assistance of a tool designed to pull it.

Bows have different draw weights. The draw weight is the amount of pounds of pressure required to pull the draw string of the bow back. Compound bows are very versatile and can range from 10 to 75 lbs. You need at least a forty five pound draw weight to kill a deer. Cross bows can range up to one hundred and fifty pounds of draw weight.

If you are just starting into archery, you should start with a long bow. They are relatively inexpensive and once you have skill with this type of bow upgrading to a compound will be an easy task. 

Bows take a lot of practice. They must be sighted in properly. This is called "zeroing a site." Your sites will require constant attention to make sure it remains accurate. Compound bows are like any other modern gadget and are constantly being upgraded to feature new bells and whistles. Some shooters, like Blake and myself, favor a older model over the new gadgets of modern bows. 

Jr. Long bows are great for kids. My five year old son shoots a Bear Archery Goblin. You can usually find bows like this at a really affordable price. They are light weight and very easy to draw. Adults can even use this bow and get a lot out of it but be careful because if you pull it too far you may snap the limbs. Instead of using the site try looking down the arrow to get started.

Bows are preferred over guns in a long term survival situation for a few reasons. You can reuse arrows. You can part out old arrows to make new ones. A long bow doesn't rust. A compound bow might have long term issues in a survival situation due to the cams at the ends of the limbs. They are failure spots that would be affected by dirt and wear. You can't just pick up a bow and expect to hunt and survive with it. Shooting a bow take a lot of practice to do it efficiently.

The fletchings on the arrow are another fail point but you can make new ones. Bird feathers are the preferred material if you can't harvest plastic ones off of old arrows. Take the bird feather and cut it down the middle. Then lash it to the arrow with a thin, strong twine. Thick leaves may be an alternate option but they will age quickly and then turn to powder. 

Hunting animals with a bow will be tricky in a survival situation. You probably won't have access to a modern tree blind or ground blind so you will have to utilize nature. Stationary hunting is preferred over stalking with a bow. Find a clump of vegetation you can use as a blind and hide behind that. You will probably not smell very good after weeks in the woods so go swimming, rub on a pine tree, find a way to eliminate your stink. Use "the path of least resistance," this is an area that the deer use regularly. Deer frequently have food plots or areas that grow food they want to eat. They also typically have an area they like to bed down for the night. They will travel the same trails to go back and forth from these areas daily as long as no threats present themselves along the way. In a survival situation you can bait the animal (some states it is legal to bait and others it is not, make sure you know before you do this in today's society). Alternatively to baiting, research what the deer love to eat. Deer like acorns and fruit trees and that may be a great area to lay in wait.

If you want to go buy a compound bow, most of them come in packages that contain all the bells and whistles you need to quietly and accurately hunt a deer. The arrows that your bow will require need to be the right length and weight for your bow to shoot efficiently. When you purchase broad heads you need to make sure that they are the same weight as the field tips you have been practicing with, otherwise your bow will no longer be accurate.

Blake and I digress into a myriad of other topics at this point. Tune into the podcast or the video for all the juicy details.
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Blake Alma

Blake Alma is an award-winning writer, TV & radio host, and published author. He is also the founder/editor at The Art of an Outdoorsman and editor-in-chief at Survivalist Daily. He hosts and produces The Outdoorsman's Art Radio Show and The Outdoor Experience on Hunt Channel. Blake loves and pursues the outdoors and its Creator with all that he has. Some of Blake's favorite outdoor activities include survival, trapping, hunting, fishing, and camping.
Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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Tuesday, July 18, 2017

SHTF Trapping

Episode 105: Season 3 ep 24

Tensions decrease with the arrival of Master Sergeant Bennet and the antibiotics he carries with him in The Walls of Freedom story.  The group turns their attention to securing a food supply for the winter. Here to talk to us today about trapping small game, is Ken Jensen, producer of TheCleverSurvivalist.com and host of The Prepper Podcast.



Featured Quote:
"What would I do without you?"
Trap Setting lessons from Ken
Trapping generally works better for smaller game.

You can use something as basic as a slip knot style snare to get the job done,

http://www.wikihow.com/Make-a-Rabbit-Snare





 






a spring snare:


















or a dead fall trap:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Paiute_Deadfall.gif


http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Tie-a-Slip-Knot/

When setting your trap you need to make sure you set it up on an established trail where you know animals will be traveling. Make sure you practice finding animals trails now so you can do it later. The animal will walk down the trail and hit the tripwire or triggering mechanism causing a large item to fall on them. These traps will cause crushing injuries to the meat but when you need to eat, meat is meat. 

There are many conventional options for making traps easily but you should know the basic of designing them yourself in the wilderness, just in case you ever needed it. You could carry rat traps to catch squirrels and other small game. You can build squirrel poles to snare multiple squirrels as they scurry along the pole. 

It is not critical to eliminate all human scent in the area. If you have been in the woods for an extended period of time, your scent will be diminished anyway. It is wise to touch as little as possible and wear gloves if you have them. Don't hang out around the trap you have set up or animals won't come near it. Some scents will make animals curious so you have to experiment and find out what is effective in your area. 

When setting traps for game, make sure you mark the trees in the surrounding area so you do not trap yourself.

Check to make sure it is legal to set traps in your area or if there is a specific time when it is legal to do so. 

If you are in a SHTF situation and you find yourself in need of making it harder for someone to follow you, traps work on humans as well. It is more difficult because humans think more. Do you really know exactly what route someone will take to follow you? You can make it easier for them to track you so they will follow a specific direction but you can't make it too obvious because that can cause warning alarms to go off as well. Once out ahead for your assailant you can always double back without them knowing. A trip wire dead fall can be effective but also a 

sprung spear trap:
   
 or a bow trap:
https://cookingforsurvival--yourdownbutnotout.blogspot.com/2011/10/

Ken has made a tutorial containing 10 different snares and snare variations. He included safety items to be aware of with diagrams and picture of the snares. Check it out at the prepperpodcast.com/snares.

Extra Survival Content

The Dangers of Burning "Green" Wood

Ken Jensen

Ken Jensen is an American, Ex-Military Patriot that is knowledgeable and experienced in Electronics and Industrial Electrical design and maintenance. Ken is also an experienced Nuclear Reactor Operator and also worked on nuclear instrumentation. He grew up hunting, camping and spending time outdoors. In adulthood, Ken has spent many years learning wilderness survival and, eventually, urban survival.

Ken is the author of a book, The Honey and The Bee and is the main author and contributor to The Clever Survivalist Blog, Survival Guide and The Prepper Podcast, Survival Podcast

Links:
Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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Wednesday, July 12, 2017

How To Can Bread & Butter Pickles

How To Can Bread & Butter Pickles

After getting tired of answering the question: How do you make your pickles? I decided to put this video together to show you exactly how it is done.

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Here is the syrup recipe from Food.com 

 2 1⁄2 cups cider vinegar
2 1⁄2 cups sugar
3⁄4 teaspoon turmeric
1⁄2 teaspoon celery seed
1 tablespoon mustard seeds

Wild Foraging: Cat Tails

Wild Foraging: Cattails

The boys and I taste different parts of cattails while out on the trail.


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Pick up your trash!

Don't Leave Your Trash Behind!


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Tuesday, July 11, 2017

Identifying and Treating Infections


Episode 104: Season 3 ep. 23



The journey continues in The Walls of Freedom story, as medical help arrives for Vince's infection.  This week Dr. Joe Alton a.k.a. Dr. Bones, author of The Survival Medicine Handbook, is here to discuss infections, ways of identifying them and treating them.

Listen to the Audio Podcast



 Featured Quote:

"A scar is a sign you survived the battle. Scars say, I made it through hell and I know the path to take. Scars say, I made mistakes I will never make again. Scars teach us how to win and scars make us stronger. I for one would follow a leader riddled with scars much more readily than I would ever trust a man without any. The day you let those scars harden your heart and stop the fight for all that is good and right in this world is the day you have truly lost."

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Infection Lessons from Dr. Joe Alton

Infections can occur from all kinds of injuries and even tooth aches. There is usually damage to the skin or some type of crush wound.

Animal bites commonly develop an infection because mouths are dirty. There will be redness around the bite. If the redness spreads, as opposed to reducing, an infection is probably setting in. The skin will swell, be red and shiny, and is usually warm to the touch. If a fever develops you know you are looking at a big problem especially with tooth aches. You may even develop an abscess or puss pocket full of foul drainage and discharge. The skin may die from the crush and the edges may turn black, indicating that the skin has died from lack of circulation.

You need to have a sterile blade to cut an abscess open and drain it to get the yuck out. If you have blackened dead skin, it will need to be trimmed away to allow the wound to heal properly. The wound must be cleaned regularly with antiseptic solution and antibiotics should be taken at this point.

If you do not have antibiotics there are some natural products that have anti-bacterial properties. Raw, unprocessed honey is good to apply. Garlic and silver solutions (Silvasorb is an example) also will fight infection. Silver solutions were the go to healers before the development and commercialization of antibiotics after WWII. Lavender oil is another healer that Dr. Alton suggests. Sugar can also be combined with iodine or bedadine to make "sugardine" to use as a healer but Dr. Alton can not stand behind that healer as firmly because there is not enough research to tout it's credibility.

Antibiotics can get confusing because there are so many different types and each one has it's own strengths and weaknesses. If you are looking for a wide spectrum antibiotic that treats many different infections Amoxicillin is a good choice as long as you are not allergic to penicillin. This antibiotic is readily available as a fish antibiotic called Fish Mox and is inexpensive to stock up on. Remember all antibiotics have strengths and weaknesses. For example amoxicillin is not good at treating urinary tract infections but sulfa drugs are. Metronidazol or Flagyl is available as Fish Zole and it is much more effective at treating water contaminates like giardia. It is essential that you buy as many different types as possible, you know all the uses, dosages and who should not be taking that type of medication. There are many places you can study this information but Dr. Alton has extensive information on this topic on his website DoomAndBloom.net or in his book The Survival Medicine Handbook.

It is expensive to go out and buy all these different types of antibiotics and use them before they expire but have no fear. Dr. Alton has done a lot of research into expiration dates and reports his findings in his article "The Truth about Expiration Dates." He found out that all an expiration date is the day that the pharmacy will no longer guarantee 100% potency of the medication. Even the Department of Defense did research on this topic called the Shelf Life Extension Program. They tested 122 emergency medications and found out that most pills and capsules will hold their full potency for two to ten years after the expiration date. Liquid medications like insulin or amoxicillin elixir will lose their potency very quickly. 


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Unfortunately, most people aren't prepared to take care of a group of people. Individuals tend to focus on their family but fail to recognize that you will probably be taking care of more people than just them. During a catastrophic event, you will want to bring people into your camp that possess specific useful skills and now you will be expending resources on them as well. You will need more supplies than you think. Stock up on medical supplies and antibiotics now. If you stock way too much, extras can be used for bartering or helping your community to recover. If folks know you are medically trained and can help them, they may be more likely to expend their resources to ensure your survival.

Eventually your supplies are going to run out. It is essential for you to start learning what plants have medical benefits. Keep old sheets and clothes to use as bandages. Grow medications you will need in your herb garden. A great way to get an introduction into the world of gardening is to research a master gardening program in your area and take the class. This will give you confidence and knowledge to go out and master your own natural medicine garden.


Want to learn from Dr. Bones and Nurse Amy? They may be coming to a town near you. Check out their schedule of available classes at: www.doomandbloom.net/medical-classes/


Dr. Joe Alton, aka Dr. Bones

Joe Alton, M.D., aka Dr. Bones, is an M.D.  and fellow of the American College of Surgeons and the American College of OB/GYN. Amy Alton, A.R.N.P., aka Nurse Amy, is an Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner.  Together, they’re the authors of the #1 Amazon bestseller in Survival Skills and Safety/First Aid “The Survival Medicine Handbook”, well known speakers, podcasters, and YouTubers, as well as contributors to leading survival/homesteading magazines. You will find over 700 posts on medical preparedness on their website.

Their mission:  To put a medically prepared person in every family for disaster situations.

Links:
Dr. Alton: https://www.doomandbloom.net/


Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Emergency Snow Shelters

Episode 103: Season 3 ep 22

The plot thickens in this chapter of The Walls of Freedom. Vince's infection becomes worse as the family holds up in a snow shelter to try and figure out how to heal Vince. Here to talk to us today about building emergency snow shelters, is Ken Jensen, producer of TheCleverSurvivalist.com and host of The Prepper Podcast.



Featured Quote:

"We have to make a stand here."
Snow shelter building lessons from Ken

Before you fill your brain full of wonderful images of carving out the perfect snow shelter, you have to understand the realities of the emergency snow shelter. You are going to be cold when you start building it and while you build it you may get snow packed into your gloves and clothes, making you wet. Building this shelter is hard work and you will begin to sweat, which is also dangerous in a cold climate. Once all that wetness starts cooling from the cold temperatures you are in big trouble.  Understand that the threat of hypothermia is very real and loss of limbs if not death is a major concern in this emergency situation.

The best tool to have in this emergency situation is a snow saw. A shovel can only scoop one small load of snow at a time but with a snow saw you can cut huge bricks. They problem is carrying a snow saw. It does not fold up nicely but at least it is not too heavy. The bottom line is if you are in an area where bugging out means snow camping you may want to seriously consider purchasing one.

If you don't have a snow saw use any other tool you have: a shovel, hard plastic, a rock, or sticks. Use anything but your hands to build it. If you use your hands you will get wet and that is not acceptable in this climate.

Once you have a completed shelter you can build a fire in it but it is more advisable to build it outside of the snow shelter. If you do have a fire inside you have to funnel the smoke out and doing that will make you lose about 90% of your heat. The other 10% may be well worth the fire but if your chimney were to ever get blocked the gasses in the wood can be deadly. The solution is to burn a smaller, cleaner burning item like a candle or your rocket stove. The fire will not melt the shelter. Rub down the inside walls of the shelter to solidify the walls. A layer of ice will form insulating the snow from the inside heat source.

When building an emergency snow shelter find a bank or a drift to build it in. It will be easier to build in one of these areas. Make sure the opening to the shelter faces away from the wind. You don't want wind blowing in and you don't want your doorway to be covered by a drift during the night. Keep a digging tool with you inside the shelter. Always have a candle in a nook with a vent. As long as the candle is burning there is oxygen in your shelter. Keep 18 inches of snow around you on every side all the time. Block the entrance; you can use your pack if you have to.

For this "field expedient trench" it is advised that you build a "cold trap." This allows you to sleep elevated and capture whatever heat there is as it rises to the top of your shelter. Dig a trench, longer than your body, and cover it with tree limbs, forest debris, a tarp and 18 inches of snow. Then put your sleep on that. You should have a way to insulate yourself from the snow, either a foam pad or a thin air pad. Some of these pads come with additional layers in them to insulate your body even further. You should have a mummy bag to curl up in.

You would probably not want to sleep in an expedient field trap for very long. If you have the time to build a larger snow shelter you should take the time to do it. Otherwise, look for a cave or a better sleeping spot.

You should not warm snow to water with your body heat unless you absolutely have to. If you choose to, make sure that you maintain a layer of insulation between your body and the container with snow.

If you have the right gear, snow camping can be fun....kinda, if that is your thing. Even if it is not your thing, you should learn how to build this shelter so that if you ever needed it for survival you would have it in your tool belt.

To help you learn more, Ken has created a Snow Shelter Tutorial. It features four shelter designs and five building methods for their construction, including the expedient field trench and larger shelters. He also included eleven safety items and best practices for staying safe in cold climates. You can find this tutorial at: ThePrepperPodcast.com/SnowShelters

Extra Survival Content

 

Ken Jensen

Ken Jensen is an American, Ex-Military Patriot that is knowledgeable and experienced in Electronics and Industrial Electrical design and maintenance. Ken is also an experienced Nuclear Reactor Operator and also worked on nuclear instrumentation. He grew up hunting, camping and spending time outdoors. In adulthood, Ken has spent many years learning wilderness survival and, eventually, urban survival.

Ken is the author of a book, The Honey and The Bee and is the main author and contributor to The Clever Survivalist Blog, Survival Guide and The Prepper Podcast, Survival Podcast

Links:
Sara F. Hathaway
Sara F. Hathaway is the author of the The Changing Earth Series: Day After Disaster and Without Land. She also hosts The Changing Earth Podcast which blends her fictional stories with educational survival tips. Sara grew up in the country where she developed a profound interest in the natural world around her. After graduating with honors from The California State University of Sacramento with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, she launched into a career in business management. In her fictional novels her research and experience with survival techniques and forgotten life-sustaining methods of the generations past come to the forefront in a action packed adventures. She has used her background in business management to pave new roads for fictional authors to follow and she delights in helping other achieve the same success. She currently lives with her husband and two sons in California where she is at work on the sequel to her first two novels. For more information and a free copy of “The Go-Bag Essentials” featuring everything you need to have to leave your home in a disaster visit: www.authorsarafhathaway.com
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